Early diagnosis of low grade malignant lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Verification of morphologically suspected malignancy in blood lymphocytes by flow cytometry.
Journal article

Early diagnosis of low grade malignant lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Verification of morphologically suspected malignancy in blood lymphocytes by flow cytometry.

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  • 1996-11-01
Published in:
  • European journal of haematology. - 1996
English According to international recommendations, the diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is made on the grounds of persistent peripheral lymphocytosis or lymphocytic infiltration of the bone marrow. The appearance of morphologically atypical lymphocytes in low-grade malignant lymphoma (NHL) or CLL is easily overlooked, and is generally not regarded as a diagnostic criterion. We report 12 cases of CLL/NHL who were detected only by morphological screening of routine peripheral blood smears (83,400 blood smears). The diagnosis of CLL/NHL was not suggested by the patients' history, physical or other laboratory findings, and had not been contemplated by the physician in charge. Monoclonality of peripheral lymphocytes was confirmed by immunophenotyping and Southern blotting. The lymphoma was classified histologically according to the International Working Formulation (bone marrow biopsy). A monoclonal lymphatic population was not found by immunophenotyping in the blood of 11 patients whose lymphocytes were morphologically classified as activated-abnormal. However, 3 patients suspected to have NHL/CLL on morphological screening of blood smears had to be classified as benign after immunophenotyping. We conclude that morphological screening of routine blood smears is an inexpensive and easy additional screening method for CLL and low grade malignant NHL.
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  • English
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closed
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https://sonar.rero.ch/global/documents/3204
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